The following economic awareness entry is based on short-term events and therefore should not be taken as information towards making investment decisions, which are of a long-term nature. It is only meant to provide clarity regarding current economic events, as there is often a large degree of incorrect information dispersed through the media or other sources.
What caused markets to stumble in this way? While various economic reports came out and the Federal Reserve raised rates again, another topic triggered the declines: trade war concerns.
Weekly Focus: Analyzing Tariffs and Trade Wars
Last week, President Trump approved new tariffs on China as a punishment for taking American intellectual property. The tariffs could affect as much as $60 billion in Chinese imports - and Trump called this the "first of many" trade actions against the country.
China indicated that it may retaliate and is "looking at all options" on how to respond. Apparently, everything is on the table - including targeting 128 American products, no longer purchasing U.S. Treasuries, and taking legal action through the World Trade Organization.
How did investors respond?
The new China-specific tariffs combined with Trump's steel and aluminum tariffs earlier this month create growing concerns about a trade war. The market declines we experienced last week are largely a reaction to these fears.
What might happen next?
These new tariffs have the potential to create 2 very different results:
- Atrade war that stifles global growth
- A more even playing field for American companies
A trade war:
If the U.S. and China go back-and-forth adding punitive tariffs to each other's products, our economy could suffer. We could experience inflation, slower economic development, and higher interest rates, making expansion and growth harder for U.S. businesses.
A more even playing field:
If the tariffs are successful, U.S. industries could benefit. Some U.S. steel producers are already boosting their production and hiring as the first round of tariffs goes into effect.
Where do we go from here?
The potential for a full-blown trade war exists, which could negatively affect the global economy. But this worst-case scenario is far from certain, and many opportunities exist to calm the rising tension. For now, we will continue analyzing exactly what is happening with tariffs and how different countries react.
In the meantime, if you have questions about how these geopolitical changes could affect your financial life, we are always here to talk.
Tuesday: Consumer Confidence
Wednesday: GDP, International Trade in Goods
Thursday: Jobless Claims, Consumer Sentiment
Friday: U.S. Markets Closed for Good Friday
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